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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-27

Management of autism spectrum disorder: A case-based overview


Department of Developmental Pediatrics, Developmental Paediatrics Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Beena Koshy
Department of Developmental Pediatrics, Developmental Paediatrics Unit, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-4651.200302

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The management of autism spectrum disorder requires a multidisciplinary team (MDT) comprising parents, therapists, psychologists, special educators, and medical specialists. Therapy is aimed at helping the child acquire functional skills in daily living, to minimize the core features of autism, and eliminate behaviors that are unhelpful or disruptive. The child must be adequately assessed by every member of the MDT to formulate an intervention plan which is then brought together to tailor a specific treatment plan for each child. The involvement of the parents or caretakers in the entire process is critical. The plan should address multiple areas such as communication, social skills, behavior, daily living, motor skills, and learning early and intensive treatment has been shown to be much more effective than treatment that is delayed. The child's progress should be monitored and documented, and only then can the intervention model's effectiveness be gauged.


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