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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 177-185

Practical use of insulin in diabetes mellitus


Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sahana Shetty
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_47_17

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Insulin therapy is the cornerstone of treatment in patients with type1 diabetes mellitus(DM) and advanced type2 DM. Over the years, insulin treatment has advanced from animal insulin to recombinant insulin with more efficiency and fewer side effects and from short-acting conventional insulin to ultrashort and long-acting insulin analogs to mimic various phases of physiological insulin secretion. Various insulin delivery systems from conventional subcutaneous insulin injection using insulin syringe to pen device, subcutaneous insulin infusion pumps, and inhaled insulin to artificial pancreas are now available. Proper insulin injecting techniques and patient education on self-monitoring of blood glucose and insulin dose titration are of utmost importance for effective insulin therapy.


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