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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 200-207

Glucose monitoring in diabetes mellitus


1 Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of General Medicine, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
H S Asha
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_46_17

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Diabetes is characterized by hyperglycemia due to deficiency or impaired action of insulin. The overall goal of diabetes management is to achieve as near normal glucose levels as possible, without affecting quality of life, and without causing significant hypoglycemia. Monitoring the impact of treatment and detection of abnormalities is therefore a crucial component of the management strategy. Plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin are the most common tools used in monitoring response to treatment and each has its advantages and disadvantages. There are newer continuous glucose monitoring systems like the flash glucose monitoring system that provide an almost real-time recording of plasma glucose levels and give a better understanding of the dynamics of glucose fluctuations and the factors responsible.


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