• Users Online: 310
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 


 
 Table of Contents  
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 231-236

National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) Standards: A review


Department of Hospital Management Studies, Staff Training and Development, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Web Publication7-Aug-2017

Correspondence Address:
Samuel N. J. David
Department of Hospital Management Studies and Staff Training and Development, Christian Medical College, Vellore - 632 004, Tamil Nadu
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_51_17

Rights and Permissions
  Abstract 


Quality has become an important buzzword for the current generation of healthcare providers. Most hospitals and healthcare providers are differentiated and evaluated according to their organization performance and quality.National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers(NABH) is an integral board of Quality Council of India, established to operate accreditation program for healthcare organizations/institutions. Accreditation is a public recognition awarded to healthcare organizations which fulfill the standards laid by NABH through an independent external assessment conducted by qualified team of assessors.

Keywords: Accreditation, assessment, surveillance


How to cite this article:
David SN, Valas S. National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) Standards: A review. Curr Med Issues 2017;15:231-6

How to cite this URL:
David SN, Valas S. National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) Standards: A review. Curr Med Issues [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Jan 19];15:231-6. Available from: http://www.cmijournal.org/text.asp?2017/15/3/231/212374




  Introduction Top


The word “quality” has become an important buzzword in the health-care industry, and for good reason. However, quality means different things to different organizations/providers. Ideally, quality in hospital encompasses everything it does: how the hospitals care for its patients, how hospitals ensure health and safety of each of its patients and employees, and how it contributes to the overall health and well-being of its communities.[1],[2],[3] Hospital accreditation is being used to guarantee quality and patient safety at developing countries.[4]


  What Is National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers? Top


National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers(NABH) is an abbreviation for NABH which is an integral part of Quality Council of India(QCI), set up to establish and operate accreditation program for healthcare organizations. NABH was established in the year 2006.[5] NABH is committed to enhance the development of healthcare quality service in our country for all levels of the population, through various methods and tools, to supplement the efforts of the providers of healthcare service and requirements of the system at various levels.

NABH standards consist of ten chapters which are being divided between patient-centered standards and organization-centered standards. All ten chapters consist of 683 stringent objective elements for the hospital to attain in order to get the NABH accreditation(4thEdition).

To comply with these standard elements, the hospital should have a process-driven approach in all aspects of hospital operations–from display of services, registration, admission, presurgery, perioperative period and postsurgery protocols, discharge from the hospital till follow-up with the hospital after discharge. The standards not only cover clinical aspects but also the governance of the hospital based on clear and transparent policies and protocols. In short, NABH aims to rationalize the entire operations of a hospital.[2]


  History of Accreditation Top


The term accreditation means the systematic assessment of hospitals against accepted standards. Initially, accreditation was developed for hospitals, but later, it was extended to primary care, blood bank, medical imaging services(MIS), and other healthcare sectors. The origin of the accreditation process was in the United States of America. In 1917, the American College of Surgeons developed a programme of “minimum standards for hospitals” to assess and identify suitable hospitals for surgical training. This developed into a multidisciplinary program of standardization, and in 1951, led to the formation of the independent Joint Commission on Hospital accreditation, now known as the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. All subsequent national programs have been derived from this either directly or indirectly.

As the demand for accreditation grew, the Joint Commission International Accreditation(JCI) was established for this purpose in the USA in the year 1998. The JCI accreditations standards are based on consensus standards developed by healthcare professionals from many countries. An international body known as the International Society for Quality in Health Care(ISQua), was then established as an umbrella organization to provide approval for other accreditation bodies. In 1999, they launched a program called Agenda for Leadership in Programs in Healthcare Accreditation which provides services to various national accreditation bodies to provide and administer standards of healthcare according to international standards.[6]

In India, the NABH system was established in 2006, as a constituent board of the QCI to establish and operate an accreditation program for healthcare organizations. The purpose of the NABH was to design and monitor healthcare standards for hospitals and healthcare providers in accordance with international standards. The first edition of standards was released in 2006 and revised every 3years. Currently, the 4thedition of NABH standards, released in December 2015, is in use.[5]

NABH is an institutional member of the Accreditation Council of the ISQua. The standards set by NABH have been accredited and approved by ISQua. This means that NABH standards are in alignment with the global benchmarks set by ISQua. Thus, the hospitals accredited by NABH have international recognition.[7],[8]


  Benefits of Accreditation Top


Accreditation benefits all stakeholders of a healthcare organization, as discussed below:

Patients

Accreditation is most beneficial to patients since it results in high quality of care and patient safety. Patients everywhere, including those in developing countries, have the right to receive high-quality care in a safe environment, and the NABH is a step in that direction.

Patients are made aware of their rights, and these rights are respected and protected. Patient satisfaction is regularly evaluated for quality improvement. Accreditation thus helps to maintain a patient-centric approach in healthcare.[2],[8]

Hospital

Accreditation of a hospital stimulates continuous improvement in its governance, operations, and functions. It enables hospitals to show that they are committed to quality care and patient safety, and this in turn improves the confidence of the community served by the hospital. The accreditation also means that the hospital is at par with the best and may also provide a competitive edge over other organizations.

Staff

Accreditation provides an opportunity for the staff of the hospital to be a part of a continuous learning process and a good working environment with uniformity in policies. It encourages leadership skills in staff, and above all, provides a sense of ownership of the clinical processes. It also facilitates overall professional development of clinicians and paramedical staff.

Empanelment

Accreditation provides an objective system of empanelment by insurance and other third parties. Accreditation provides access to reliable and certified information on facilities, infrastructure, and level of care.[2],[8]

Other benefits

Accreditation also has many other benefits such as establishment of uniform policies, procedures and records, measurement of indicators of performances, management system, and clinical system. Systems are also more transparent and open to change.[2],[8]


  Organizational Structure Top


The organizational structure is illustrated in [Figure1] and comprises of the following committees and panels. This information is available online and can be downloaded.[8]
Figure1: Organizational structure.

Click here to view


Accreditation committee

The main functions of Accreditation Committee are as follows:[8]

  • Recommendation to the board about grant of accreditation or otherwise based on evaluation of assessment reports and other relevant information
  • Approval of the major changes in the scope of accreditation including enhancement and reduction, in respect of accredited hospitals
  • Recommendation to the board on the launching of new initiatives.


Technical committee

The main functions of Technical Committee are drafting of accreditation standards and guidance documents as well as periodic review of standards.[8]

Appeals committee

The Appeal Committee addresses appeals made by the hospitals against any adverse decision regarding accreditation taken by the NABH. This includes the following:[8]

  • Refusal to accept an application
  • Refusal to proceed with an assessment
  • Corrective action requests
  • Changes in accreditation scope
  • Decisions to deny, suspend, or withdraw accreditation, and
  • Any other action that impedes the attainment of accreditation.



  National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers Secretariat Top


The Secretariat coordinates the entire activities related to NABH accreditation to hospitals and healthcare organizations.[8]


  Panel of Assessors and Experts Top


NABH has a panel of trained and qualified assessors for assessment of hospitals.

  • Principal Assessor: The Principal Assessor is overall responsible for conducting the preassessments and final assessments of the hospitals
  • Assessors: NABH has empanelled experts for assessment of hospitals. They are trained by NABH on hospital accreditation and various assessment techniques. The assessors are responsible for evaluating the hospital's compliance with NABH Standards.[7],[8]



  National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers Standards Top


To obtain NABH accreditation, hospitals have to be evaluated against the set of “NABH standards for hospitals” prepared by the Technical Committee. The standards provide a framework for quality of care for patients and quality improvement for hospitals. The standards help to build a quality culture at all levels and across all the functions of hospital.

NABH standards have ten chapters incorporating 105 standards and 683 objective elements. The ten chapters are divided into patient-centered standards and organization-centered standards[Table1].[8]
Table 1: National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers standards

Click here to view



  Preparing for National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers Accreditation Top


The following steps will help in preparing for the process of application for NABH accreditation:

  1. Nominate a coordinator

    The hospital or healthcare organization should make a definite plan of action for obtaining accreditation. One person must be officially nominated to be responsible for coordination of all activities related to seeking accreditation. This person should be familiar with existing hospital quality assurance system.
  2. Know the standards

    The health care organization should get familiar with the prescribed standard and implement them. These are available online.[8]
  3. Self-assessment

    The applicant hospital should download the self-assessment toolkit from the NABH official website and self-assess itself against NABH standards. This should be done atleast 3months before submission of application, and the hospital must ensure that it complies with NABH standards before the application process.
  4. Obtain a copy of application form
  5. Fill and submit the application
  6. Pay the accreditation fee .[8]


The process of preparation for NABH accreditation is illustrated in [Figure2].
Figure2: National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers accreditation procedure.

Click here to view



  National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers Accreditation and Certification Program Top


NABH conducts various accreditation and certification programs as mentioned below:

  1. Hospitals
  2. Small Health Care Organization(SHCO)
  3. Blood bank
  4. Allopathic clinics
  5. Primary health center
  6. Dental centers
  7. MIS
  8. Eye care organization
  9. Ayurveda hospital
  10. Homeopathy hospital
  11. Siddha hospital
  12. Unani hospital
  13. Yoga and naturopathy hospital
  14. Wellness centers
  15. Spa centers
  16. Panchakarma clinic
  17. Preentry level for hospital
  18. Preentry level for SHCO
  19. Nursing excellence program
  20. Certification of emergency department in hospital
  21. NABH–I safe–for hospital infection control.



  Assessment Criteria for Hospital Accreditation Top


The man-days (one person's working time for a day, or the equivalent, used as a measure of how much work or labor is required or consumed to perform some task) given below in [Table 2], for assessment and surveillance are indicative and may change depending on the facilities and size of the hospital [Table 2].[8] The fee structure is given in Appendix 1.
Table 2: Assessment criteria according to size of hospital

Click here to view




  Accreditation Is an Ongoing Process Top


NABH accreditation is not a one-time event, and the accreditation is not permanent. Instead, it is an ongoing process. The onus of continuously maintaining standards and continuously monitoring policies and practices falls on the hospital. Once a hospital gets accredited, the accreditation is valid for a defined period and is subject to change based on subsequent surveillance. NABH conducts a regular surveillance of the accredited organization(the first such is usually planned during the 2ndyear). The accreditation will have to be renewed once the defined period of accreditation is completed. “Accredited register” could be referred for the list of accredited and applicant organizations under different programs.[8]


  Conclusion Top


  • Accreditation standard for hospitals helps to focus on patient safety and improve quality of healthcare services and processes
  • Accreditation is also one of the most frequently used external quality assessment of healthcare organizations to prove its effectiveness and performance [9]
  • In the current scenario, the NABH standards is the highest benchmark standard for hospital quality in India
  • Patients are the biggest beneficiaries from the NABH accreditation, as it results in a high quality of care and patient safety.


Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interets

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
SanfilippoJS, BieberEJ, JavitchDG, SiegristRB. MBA for Healthcare. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2016.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Quality Council of India. National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers(NABH). Available from: http://www.qcin.org. [Last accessed on 2017 Jun 15].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
StahlR. Quality is a Way of Life at Wilson Medical Center. The Wilson Times; 15February, 2017.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
DevkaranS, O'FarrellPN. The impact of hospital accreditation on quality measures: An interrupted time series analysis. BMC Health Serv Res 2015;15:137.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers. Wikipedia the Free Encyclopedia. Available from: http://www.wikipedia.org. [Last accessed on 2017 Jun 15].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Jovanovic B. Hospital accreditation as method for assessing quality in healthcare. Oncology 2005;13:156-7.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
HittinahalliV, GoliaS. NABH Accreditation and its status in the Country. Al Ameen J Med Sci 2013;6:2013.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers. Available from: http://www.nabh.co. [Last accessed on 2017 Jun 15].  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
BrubakkK, VistGE, BukholmG, BarachP, TjomslandO. Asystematic review of hospital accreditation: The challenges of measuring complex intervention effects. BMC Health Serv Res 2015;15:280.  Back to cited text no. 9
    


    Figures

  [Figure1], [Figure2]
 
 
    Tables

  [Table1], [Table 2]



 

Top
 
 
  Search
 
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Access Statistics
Email Alert *
Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)

 
  In this article
Abstract
Introduction
What Is National...
History of Accre...
Benefits of Accr...
Organizational S...
National Accredi...
Panel of Assesso...
National Accredi...
Preparing for Na...
National Accredi...
Assessment Crite...
Accreditation Is...
Conclusion
References
Article Figures
Article Tables

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3024    
    Printed38    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded7    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal


[TAG2]
[TAG3]
[TAG4]