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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2017  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 177--185

Practical use of insulin in diabetes mellitus


Sahana Shetty, Ruth Daniel, Nihal Thomas 
 Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sahana Shetty
Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College, Vellore  -  632  004, Tamil Nadu
India

Insulin therapy is the cornerstone of treatment in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) and advanced type 2 DM. Over the years, insulin treatment has advanced from animal insulin to recombinant insulin with more efficiency and fewer side effects and from short-acting conventional insulin to ultrashort and long-acting insulin analogs to mimic various phases of physiological insulin secretion. Various insulin delivery systems from conventional subcutaneous insulin injection using insulin syringe to pen device, subcutaneous insulin infusion pumps, and inhaled insulin to artificial pancreas are now available. Proper insulin injecting techniques and patient education on self-monitoring of blood glucose and insulin dose titration are of utmost importance for effective insulin therapy.


How to cite this article:
Shetty S, Daniel R, Thomas N. Practical use of insulin in diabetes mellitus.Curr Med Issues 2017;15:177-185


How to cite this URL:
Shetty S, Daniel R, Thomas N. Practical use of insulin in diabetes mellitus. Curr Med Issues [serial online] 2017 [cited 2019 Dec 14 ];15:177-185
Available from: http://www.cmijournal.org/article.asp?issn=0973-4651;year=2017;volume=15;issue=3;spage=177;epage=185;aulast=Shetty;type=0