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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 251-254

Right hemothorax secondary to endometriosis

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ave Maria Hospital, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria
2 Department of Radiology, Ave Maria Hospital, Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Ernest Ruto Upeh
Department of Radiology, Ave Maria Hospital, Victoria Island, Lagos
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_43_20

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Endometriosis is said to have a low incidence in women with African descent. However, recent studies have shown otherwise. Thoracic involvement is rare; thoracic endometriosis syndrome mostly affects nulliparous women within the ages of 25–35 years. The diagnosis is usually missed or delayed by clinicians. We report the case of a 26-year-old female with catamenial hemothorax secondary to thoracic endometriosis. A high index of suspicion for this condition should be maintained in women of the reproductive age group presenting with dyspnea/chest pain, severe dysmenorrhea, and background history of chronic pelvic pain. A multidisciplinary approach involving the radiographers, gynecologists, pulmonologists, and the thoracic surgeons coupled with hormonal therapy and surgical treatment will go a long way in improving this disease condition and preventing reoccurrences.

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