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MEDICAL EDUCATION
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 58-59

Formulating a curriculum on research methodology for medical undergraduates using kern's model


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission22-Jun-2020
Date of Decision11-Jul-2020
Date of Acceptance23-Jul-2020
Date of Web Publication13-Jan-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) - Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_103_20

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How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Formulating a curriculum on research methodology for medical undergraduates using kern's model. Curr Med Issues 2021;19:58-9

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Formulating a curriculum on research methodology for medical undergraduates using kern's model. Curr Med Issues [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jan 15];19:58-9. Available from: https://www.cmijournal.org/text.asp?2021/19/1/58/306927



The need of the hour in the field of medical education is to produce professional and competent medical graduates.[1] To accomplish the goal, the Medical Council of India has implemented the Competency-based Undergraduate Curriculum from the current academic year.[2] In fact, a range of interventions have been proposed and are being implemented in a phase-wise manner in the Indian settings, and one among them is the introduction of a formal foundation course.[2] Medical research is an important area in the development of a medical graduate, and till date, there is no formal curriculum which is being followed across the nation for imparting the research skills to the undergraduates.[2]

Acknowledging the fact, the six-step Kern's Model can be employed in drafting the curriculum, which will benefit the Indian medical students in their professional career.[3] The first and foremost step is to identify the problem and perform a general needs assessment. In general, teaching and research are the two important sides of medical education and it is expected from a medical graduate to understand the ethical principles and other issues involved in the conduction of medical research. Considering the pace with which advances have been made in the medical field and the rising incidence of publication misconduct, it becomes extremely crucial for the medical students to understand the conflicts of interests and to take an evidence-based call regarding the selection of appropriate management strategy.[3],[4]

The next step is to perform the needs assessment for targeted learners (viz., undergraduate medical students from all professional years, including the interns). It could be done through a survey using a questionnaire or Google Forms and students can be asked to identify their research priorities and the things which they want to learn. Subsequently, the goal of the curriculum, desired competencies, and objectives needs to be framed keeping in mind the undergraduate curriculum and the ultimate goal of a competent medical graduate. The objectives of the curriculum could be to provide adequate number of opportunities for the students to understand the role of research in ensuring evidence-based practice and to make them aware about the need to conduct research in an ethical manner and the punishments associated with the unethical research practice.[2],[3],[4]

Subsequently, educational strategies and appropriate assessment methods have to be identified. The precise content of the curriculum can be framed by the research experts based on the findings of the needs assessment. Ideally, the process of learning and understanding research and its ethics should start within the foundation course and shall evolve as the students' gain knowledge and appreciate research and clinical dilemmas. The specific learning objectives of each of the session have to be formulated and supplement the same with selection of teaching–learning methods and method of assessment. It is important to note that the overall program will be more successful if it is viewed as an integrated part of the course and the effectiveness can be further enhanced by giving students an opportunity to carry out research projects.[3],[4] In the newly adopted curriculum for undergraduates, the time span assigned for electives can be utilized for doing short research projects.[2]

This has to be followed by the implementation of the curriculum, which essentially includes obtaining administrators approvals, arrangement of the required resources, pilot run of the course, the administration of the curriculum, and eventual refinement of the curriculum. The final step is to evaluate the curriculum and obtain/give feedback and our aim is to assess the performance of both individuals and the curriculum (program evaluation). The Kirkpatrick evaluation model can be employed, and based on the results obtained, the curriculum can be further refined.[3]

In conclusion, the domain of research despite being very important in the period of medical education has been ignored. There is an immense need to formulate a curriculum and implement the same in a uniform manner across all the medical colleges in India.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
Medical Council of India. Foundation Course for the Undergraduate Medical Education Program – 2019. New Delhi: MCI Press; 2019. p. 1-17.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Medical professionalism in India: Present and future. Int J Acad Med 2018;4:306-7.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Framing a de novo curriculum on sleep disorders for an Indian Medical Graduate using Kern's Model. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2019;12:202-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
  [Full text]  
4.
Ayoub NM, Qandil AM, McCutchan JA. Knowledge, attitudes, and practice regarding Research Ethics Committees among health care faculty at two public universities in Jordan. J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 2019;14:372-82.  Back to cited text no. 4
    




 

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