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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 165-170

The management of hyperthermia and exercise-associated hyponatremia in low-resource and prehospital settings


Portfolio GP, Event Medic and Expedition Doctor, South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Daniel Grace
Portfolio GP, Event Medic and Expedition Doctor, South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/cmi.cmi_15_21

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Between 2000 and 2016, the number of people exposed to heat waves worldwide increased by around 125 million. As global warming increases, there is growing concern regarding the effect of heat stress on health outcomes, particularly in low- and middle-income tropical countries. The likelihood of developing heat-related injury depends on three factors: an individual, their environment, and their workload. Both exertional hyperthermia and exercise-induced hyponatremia are potentially life-threatening conditions that may develop in environments with increased heat stress. These can present with vague and overlapping symptoms such as confusion, headache, vomiting, and in severe cases, coma. The management of these two conditions is extremely different, and making a correct diagnosis can be challenging, particularly for health-care professionals who are working in low-resource or prehospital settings.


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